Landlocked Countries

A landlocked state / country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.

Landlocked countries may be bordered by a single country having access to the high seas, two or more such countries, or be surrounded by other landlocked countries, making a country doubly landlocked.

There are 49 such countries including five partially recognized states.

Landlocked by a single country.

  • Lesotho
  • San Marino
  • Vatican City, a state forming part of Rome, thus surrounded by Italy.

Landlocked by two countries.

  • Andorra
  • Bhutan
  • Liechtenstein
  • Moldova
  • Mongolia
  • Nepal
  • Swaziland

List of 49 Land-locked countries.

AfghanistanAndorraArmeniaAustriaAzerbaijan
BelarusBhutanBoliviaBotswanaBurkina Faso
BurundiCentral AfricaChadCzech RepublicEthoipia
HungaryKazakhstanKosovoKyrgyzstanLaos
LesothoLiechtensteinLuxembourgMacedoniaMalawi
MaliMoldovaMongoliaNagorno KarabakhNepal
NigerParaguayRwandaSan MarinoSerbia
SlovakiaSouth OssetiaSouth SudanSwazilandSwitzerland
TajikistanTransnistriaTurkmenistanUgandaUzbekistan
Vatican CityWest BankZambiaZimbabwe 

Doubly Landlocked Countries:

Double landlocked: A country is “Doubly Landlocked” or “Double-landlocked” when it is surrounded entirely by one or more landlocked countries (requiring the crossing of at least two national borders to reach a coastline):

  • Liechtenstein, in Central Europe, surrounded by Switzerland and Austria.
  • Uzbekistan, in Central Asia, surrounded by Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.